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Climate Change and Saltwater Intrusion along the Eastern Mediterranean: Socioeconomic Vulnerability

The Eastern Mediterranean is highly vulnerable to saltwater intrusion into the freshwater aquifers along its coasts. The degradation of these aquifers would result in serious socioeconomic consequence to people living there. This project will investigate how climate change is affecting the salinity of coastal aquifers at several locations in the region. Researchers will endeavour to understand the main drivers of aquifer salinization, whether due to climate change (sea level rise, changes in groundwater recharge rates) or known factors (population growth and associated increases in water extraction rates), and the relative importance of each. They will combine this information with information on domestic and agricultural water use to produce a set of vulnerability maps and mitigation measures to reduce the effects of saltwater intrusion on the local population and the environment. These measures will be tested in two small towns along the Lebanese coast in the Greater Beirut area. The project will contribute to better understanding of the relative impact of climate change on saltwater intrusion of coastal aquifers and suggest locally appropriate adaptation measures. It is also expected to improve the adaptive capacity of local communities to climate change, as well as providing policy alternatives for local governments

Project ID
106706
Project Status
Completed
End Date
Duration
36 months
IDRC Officer
Charlotte MacAlister
Total Funding
CA$ 516,700.00
Location
Lebanon
Programs
Climate Change
Climate Change
Institution Country
Lebanon
Project Leader
Dr. Mutasem El-Fadel
Institution
American University of Beirut

Outputs

Paper

Socio-economics of water quality as a development catalyst in poor urban slums

Article

Development of a groundwater quality index for seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers

Paper

Saltwater intrusion in karst aquifers along the Eastern Mediterranean

Paper

Environmental health risks in disadvantaged urban slums