Despite reforms, labour markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have been unable to absorb the growing number of job seekers. Women and educated youth are particularly vulnerable to high unemployment. However, data on entrepreneurship and the private enterprise sector in the region have been virtually non-existent.
Recent research has shown that worldwide population changes could increase economic growth and promote equity across generations. Researchers have developed a system to quantify economic flows across different age groups. These “National Transfer Accounts” measure how different generations produce, consume, share, and save resources.
With steady economic growth throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, there seemed to be an abundance of jobs in India. Jobs were available in service industries like information technology and in the large-scale manufacturing operations of international companies. Despite these job opportunities, however, India had a growing number of unemployed, unskilled workers.
Zimbabwe continues to experience high levels of poverty and unemployment. IDRC is supporting the University of Zimbabwe’s Institute of Environmental Studies (IES) as it explores the multiple dimensions of the country’s challenges and generates debates and ideas for reconstruction and development. The project research team conducted a baseline survey on poverty, well-being, and inequality in Zimbabwe, and worked to build the capacity of the IES’s own researchers and their contribution to Zimbabwe’s recovery and growth.
Despite strong economic growth, the Philippines has the highest unemployment rate in the ASEAN region — more than 7%. Particularly hard hit are youth, who account for more than half of the close to 3 million unemployed.