Recent research has shown that worldwide population changes could increase economic growth and promote equity across generations. Researchers have developed a system to quantify economic flows across different age groups. These “National Transfer Accounts” measure how different generations produce, consume, share, and save resources.
With steady economic growth throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, there seemed to be an abundance of jobs in India. Jobs were available in service industries like information technology and in the large-scale manufacturing operations of international companies. Despite these job opportunities, however, India had a growing number of unemployed, unskilled workers.
For peacebuilding processes to be sustainable, post-war security transitions must be carefully planned and participatory. These transitions often involve a reconfiguration of the entire security architecture, and include reintegrating former combatants and restructuring the military and police.
Violence against women and female homicides or femicide, is escalating across Central America. And despite the efforts of women’s organizations, human rights groups, regional governments, and civil society to stem these crimes, incidents of violence against women remain vastly underreported. Under many legal systems in the region, official records often do not distinguish such crimes as gender-based violence or femicide.
In Uganda, statistics show that 20% of the country’s population has some form of physical disability. Despite these numbers, little research has been conducted to provide a window into the lives of people with disabilities. Without formal research and concrete data, a knowledge gap exists that hinders disabled peoples’ organizations in Uganda from effectively advocating on behalf of and providing the appropriate services and supports.
A new study comparing the garment-export industries in Honduras and Nicaragua challenges the conventional wisdom that competing on the basis of cheap labour is the only option for poor garment-producing countries.
Three years ago, Susana Martinez-Restrepo, a young Colombian researcher finishing her PhD studies, was invited to join and coordinate a regional project titled: Beyond Social Protection: Labour Markets, Entrepreneurship, and Gender Equality. Supported by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the project uses evidence to enhance the impact of social protection programs for the most vulnerable, and in particular, women.
Wastewater treatment is a serious issue in Mexico City due to its large population, heavy water use, and inadequate wastewater infrastructure. Researchers supported by IDRC have published a paper where they compare the social and environmental impacts of the technology used in wastewater treatment plants in Mexico City.
Public-private partnerships in agriculture are rapidly gaining in importance. To understand this emerging trend, IDRC has been working with the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA) to investigate how these partnerships work, and how effective they can be in achieving development goals. IDRC and the SFSA co-hosted a conference, “Implementing Public-Private Partnerships in Agriculture,” that brought together invited representatives from the private and public sectors and civil society. Participants discussed the challenges and opportunities that arise from these partnerships. You can read more about our initiative to expand the knowledge base about public-private partnerships in agriculture in these reports:
The Mantaro Valley in central Peru is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events, such as droughts, floods, and frost. According to recent projections, this vulnerability will increase in coming years due to climate change.
From 2006-2012, 212 organizations participated in research supported by the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa (CCAA) program. Despite the lack of African institutions working on climate change issues prior to the CCAA program, some 89% of these organizations are based in Africa, and now represent one of CCAA's key results: a strong base of African expertise to conduct and communicate research on adaptation to climate change. Following CCAA funding, mentoring, and opportunities to work with international experts, these institutions and their researchers are now recognized by communities and governments in Africa and beyond as go-to experts to inform adaptation initiatives, programs, and policies.
Many cattle carry Cryptosporidium, an organism causing gastrointestinal illness with diarrhea that can be dangerous for both humans and animals. Preventing and managing this disease places a heavy burden on hospitals and veterinarians. IDRC-supported research into health hazards on smallholder dairy farms in a poor urban area in Kenya found that eating vegetables contaminated with animal manure or human waste was more dangerous than handling cattle or drinking milk.
For more than a decade, IDRC’s Governance for Equity in Health Systems program has supported researchers and health reformers in their efforts to strengthen health systems and find health financing solutions that reflect local needs and priorities in low- and middle-income countries.
As of 2012, Mexico is well on the road to universal health coverage. In less than a decade, thanks to Seguro Popular, a national health insurance program introduced in 2003, every Mexican is now covered by a public insurance scheme. The program offers health services and financial protection to over 50 million Mexicans who were previously uninsured.
How can virtual platforms (VPs) better support research and civil society organizations in their research, policy development, project collaboration, capacity building, and dissemination activities? This was the theme of a Learning Forum hosted by IDRC’s Canadian Partnerships program.
Access to water for poor residents in Jakarta, Indonesia, is limited. Among the challenges they face are the high prices demanded by water service providers, poor water quality, and limited access to water infrastructure. With support from IDRC, the global humanitarian agency Mercy Corps worked with residents, local government, researchers, NGOs, and the private sector to tackle these challenges.
Zimbabwe continues to experience high levels of poverty and unemployment. IDRC is supporting the University of Zimbabwe’s Institute of Environmental Studies (IES) as it explores the multiple dimensions of the country’s challenges and generates debates and ideas for reconstruction and development. The project research team conducted a baseline survey on poverty, well-being, and inequality in Zimbabwe, and worked to build the capacity of the IES’s own researchers and their contribution to Zimbabwe’s recovery and growth.
The silence surrounding sexual violence in South Asia has been shattered. The Zubaan Series on Sexual Violence and Impunity in South Asia, formally launched in New Delhi on May 21, 2016, presents severe statements about criminal justice systems in South Asia that turn their back on sexual violence, leaving survivors little recourse for justice.
Asian researchers have developed new environmental and community approaches to reduce the number of mosquitoes carrying dengue, the fastest-growing mosquito-borne viral disease. Dengue is a significant economic and social burden in many countries worldwide.
In 2010, some 40,000 Nigerian women died in childbirth — 14% of the world’s total maternal deaths. In many rural areas, women and girls marry young and put in long hours of gruelling domestic labour — grinding meal, fetching firewood and water, tilling and selling crops — well into late stages of pregnancy.
In an engaging new documentary film, researchers from the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation share their insights of how a public employment program in South Africa is making cities safer and more inclusive.